Both heat and cold can burn a person’s skin. If exposure to severe colds causes damage to the skin, it is called ice or freezing.
Time of spending at sub-zero temperatures or touching something very cold, such as ice cubes or ice tray, can damage the skin tissue and cause ice to burn.
In this article, you know the symptoms and causes of ice burns, as well as how to treat them and when to see a doctor. Symptoms
Ice on hands that can cause ice burning
Sub-zero temperatures can damage the skin texture.
Symptoms of ice burning may include:
Red, White, Dark or Gray
Solid or waxy skin
When someone is exposed to the burning of snow, many things happen to the texture:
Water in the skin cells begins to freeze
Frozen water forms ice crystals that damage skin cells
Contract blood vessels, thereby reducing blood flow and delivering oxygen to the area
Blood clots can be formed, which increases the restriction of blood flow and oxygen
Bleeding can occur if the cold temperature affects blood clotting proteins.
Causes and risk factors
Exposure to severe cold leads to constriction of blood vessels and the conversion of blood to vital organs to protect them.
A small volume of blood will reach the body parts away from the central organs, which is why the hands, feet and toes are particularly vulnerable to infection from the cold.
Causes of glacial burns include:
Exposure to freezing temperatures for prolonged periods
Exposure to wind and high altitudes
Direct contact with a freezing body, such as an ice bag, for an extended period
Other factors that can increase a person’s chance of burning snow:
Lack of housing
Participation in winter sports
Take drugs that limit blood flow, such as beta blockers
Conditions that hinder blood circulation, such as diabetes or peripheral vascular disease
Peripheral neuropathy or other conditions that reduce a person’s ability to detect injuries
Younger children and older people are more likely to have cold wounds because they can not regulate their body temperature efficiently and tend to lose heat more quickly.
People who are under the influence of alcohol or drugs may not be very alert to the cold, and may not immediately notice the discomfort of cold exposure that can lead to ice burns.